Exclusive Breastfeeding in India: Trends and Data Gaps

Globally, only 38 percent of infants aged 0 to 6 months are exclusively breastfed. Recent analyses indicate that suboptimal breastfeeding practices, including non-exclusive breastfeeding, contribute to 11.6 percent of mortality in children under 5 years of age. This was equivalent to about 804,000 child deaths in 2011 (WHO/UNICEF). In 2012, the World Health Assembly (WHA) >> Read more

Trends in Nutrition Outcomes, Determinants, and Interventions in India (2006–2016)

Nutrition is central to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda, and at least 12 of the 17 SDGs include indicators relevant for nutrition. In addition, the World Health Assembly unanimously endorsed 6 ambitious maternal, infant, and young child nutrition targets and several noncommunicable disease-related targets to be achieved by 2025. These global targets are >> Read more

Strengthening Data, Analytics and Evidence for Nutrition: An Overview of POSHAN-II

In 2012, India committed to achieving the six WHA targets for stunting, wasting, anemia, exclusive breastfeeding and overweight/obesity and then reaffirmed commitments to nutrition as part of the launch of the Sustainable Development Goals in 2016. Tracking India’s progress on these maternal, infant and young child nutrition targets has been challenging, due to lack of >> Read more

How Are India’s Districts Doing on Nutrition-Related Non-Communicable Diseases? Insights from the National Family Health Survey-4

A set of diet-related global non-communicable diseases (NCD) targets, to be achieved by 2025, was endorsed by the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 2013. A sub-set of those targets are directly nutrition-related. This Data Note describes the current levels of a set of key NCD-related outcomes at the district level in India, summarizing data from >> Read more

How Are India’s Districts Doing on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition? Insights from the National Family Health Survey-4

A set of global nutrition targets for maternal, infant and young child nutrition to be achieved by 2025, were endorsed by the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 2012. These targets provide goals against which progress towards ending malnutrition in all its forms can be measured and also contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This >> Read more

Improving Nutrition in Tamil Nadu: Insights from Examining Trends in Outcomes, Determinants and Interventions between 2006 and 2016

Tamil Nadu, situated on the east cost of India, accounts for 4 percent area of the country, includes 32 districts subdivided by 385 blocks, 12,618 villages and 561 towns (Government of Tamil Nadu, 2017). Tamil Nadu is home to more than 70 million (6 percent of population of India) (Government of Tamil Nadu, 2017) and >> Read more

Improving Nutrition in Bihar: Insights from Examining Trends in Outcomes, Determinants and Interventions between 2006 and 2016

Bihar is a landlocked state in eastern and northern India. It is split into 9 divisions and 38 districts. It is the nation’s third most populated state, and is home to 103 million people. With only 11.3 percent of its population living in cities, Bihar is one of India’s least urbanized states (Government of Bihar, >> Read more